Periodontics: preventing and curing all gum diseases
Periodontics is responsible for preventing and curing all gum diseases. In mild cases of periodontitis can be dealt with by applying conservative methods of cleaning that remove the sub gingival calculus, a procedure that only a well-trained operator can carry out. This first phase is called "curettage" and is accompanied by scaling and root planing (the removal of tartar from the sick gum and root polishing). This is a particularly delicate phase and must be performed under anaesthesia by the dentist, who uses both manual tools and a laser together with antibiotics (tetracycline) that will disinfect the pockets. The dentist takes care to follow the patient during the healing phase and makes a re-evaluation after 20-30 days to determine whether this type of therapy alone has been effective enough to cure the gingival inflammation.
Periodontics also takes care of gingival recessions, that is, those parts of the root where the gum has withdrawn, exposing a part of the tooth whose collar has become sensitive. Recessions can be cured with gum grafts taken from the palate and/or by the covering of the roots via connective tissue grafts. Dr. Anna Mazzaglia has passionately followed the developments in this aspect of dentistry for years and keeps up to date through internships in Italy and abroad.
An abscess is an infection with the production of pus, accompanied by more or less intense inflammation of the periodontium and alveolar bone. The presence of an abscess requires the dentist to determine the cause, which could be a granuloma or an endodontic-periodontal pocket.
A granuloma is the result of an infection at the apex of a tooth. It can be cured by treating the infected canal with washes and endodontic instruments. If untreated, a granuloma can develop into a cyst in apex and this can lead to the loss of the affected element. It is a region of local infection that must be removed for the health of the patient.
Deep gum receding on upper right incisor, which can be improved with a gum graft.
Healing after 15 days. The mucus of the graft has become equivalent to that of the receiving site.
Periodontal disease starts out as a simple gingivitis that, if left untreated, can escalate over time, ranging from a few months to a few years, in a full-blown periodontal disease, with bone loss. It is a chronic disease and its performance proceeds to an "advanced" phase with peaks of activity and rest. Unlike tooth decay, which can be treated in one session, periodontal disease requires careful monitoring over time because it is a disease subject to relapses and, if not detected and treated, it leads to tooth loss.
Upper incisors severely compromised by a "periodontal disease": The teeth are moving.
The incisors and canines were stuck with one splinting: the wire is immersed in the composite to make it invisible while simultaneously uniting and strengthening your teeth.
Thanks to the material, nothing can be noticed from the outside. The gap between the central and lateral incisors was also closed, and the beauty of the smile is recovered.